The need to fight against serious liver disease in the body caused by the Hepatitis B virus brought about the Hepatitis B vaccine. One can, therefore, be protected from the disease if vaccinated because this virus easily spreads via blood contact or contact with other fluids from an infected person.
Protection from this virus can be extremely difficult to sustain since humans generally cannot do without contact during day-to-day activities. In other words, one could even contact the virus by coming into objects that are contaminated by an infected person’s touch or use,
The virus has been known to survive up to seven days on the surface of simple everyday items, like toothbrushes, it has come in contact with.
Who should use Hepatitis B Vaccine?
Unvaccinated adults of various classes need Hepatitis B vaccine to protect them from this serious virus which can cause long-term illness. These classes include, but are not exhaustive of the following.
- Staff and residents of facilities where the Hepatitis B patients are being treated
- Staff and persons in correction facilities
- People whose sex partners have been diagnosed with Hepatitis B
- Men who are in sexual relationships with other men
- Sexually active persons with multiple partners
- Healthcare personnel and public safety officers who have the tendency of being exposed to blood in the course of their activities
- People who were victims of sexual abuse
- People involved in the treatment of infected persons
- People who share needles, drug injection, syringes and other similar equipment
- People who travel to places with an increased rate of Hepatitis B infections
- People with severe kidney, HIV, diabetes or liver infections
- Any person who wishes to be protected from the Hepatitis B virus.
Who should not use Hepatitis B Vaccine?
Although Hepatitis B vaccine is a potent safeguard to stand as a shield against the virus, it is not advisable for some certain classes of persons to use it.
These class of persons includes:
- Those that are not feeling well due to some other illnesses. It is advisable for this class of persons to complete their dosage and wait till there are signs of recovery so as not to occasion complications.
- Those with severe and chronic allergies. If a person is found in this class, advice may be given not to be vaccinated because of the allergic reaction which might occur. Consulting one’s health provider would be the best solution in this circumstance.
Effectiveness of Hepatitis B vaccine
For one to enjoy the full effects of this vaccine, it has to be done at the right time. In this case, one may take a blood test after an interval of one to four months so as to establish if there has been an adequate response referred to as an anti-Hepatitis B surface antigen antibody level which is above 100mIU/mL and occurs in 85 to 90% of individuals. Because of this reason, any antibody level which falls between the level of 10 and 100mlU/mL is regarded as of low response as a single booster vaccination becomes important to be received without further testing.
It is important to note that people who do not respond need testing so as to exclude the current or initial Hepatitis B infection and given a repeat course dosage of 3 vaccinations after which a series of one to four months test would follow suit. After this second process lapses without response to the second course of vaccination, the intra-dermal administration would be applied or a higher dose of vaccine which comprises of hepatitis A and B vaccines.
These poor responses usually could be ascribed to old age, smoking, obesity or history of serious alcohol consumption if liver diseases are also involved.
Common side effects of Hepatitis B vaccine when injected
- Feverish feeling
- Reduced appetite
- General body weakness
- Back pain
- Loss of hair
- Change in taste buds
- Low blood pressure
- Muscle pain, and so on
How long does Hepatitis B Vaccine protect against the virus?
The current belief is that Hepatitis B vaccine now provides perpetual protection as opposed to the idea which held that it only provided an effective shield for five to seven years. It has however been settled that long-term immunity is the result of this vaccination though this protects at about 25 years in some persons.
Following this long state of potency, so many countries of the world administer 3 doses of Hepatitis B vaccine to infants. Some of these countries are Angola, Albania, Argentina, Bahamas, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Germany, Ghana, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Nigeria, Peru, Senegal, and a host of other countries too.