Hepatitis B is caused by a virus that attacks a person’s liver. It may either last for a few weeks or be a permanent medical condition.
The symptoms of Hepatitis B
The following are the most common symptoms of Hepatitis B:
- Appetite loss
- Dark-colored urine
- Joint pains
- Abdominal pains
According to medical reports, around 50,000 new Hepatitis B cases are reported every year in the United States alone. Moreover, around 1.5 million people in the US are reported to be suffering from chronic Hepatitis B, a permanent variation of Hepatitis B.
Modes of transmission
There are numerous ways to spread the Hepatitis B virus. Some of the modes of transmission are the following:
- An infected pregnant woman to her baby during delivery
- Having unprotected sex with a person who is infected with Hepatitis B
- Sharing of syringes, needles, and other injection equipment
- Direct contact with wounds, open sores, or blood of a Hepatitis B patient
There are certain groups of people that are more susceptible to contracting Hepatitis B, and they are the following:
- Those that have unprotected sexual intercourse with a Hepatitis B patient
- Those that have an active sex life
- Those that have multiple sex partners
- Those that have a history of or currently have sexually-transmitted diseases
- Those that are in the medical field and are exposed to blood all the time
- Those that travel to places where there are high rates of Hepatitis B cases
Hepatitis B prevention
In order to protect yourself from Hepatitis B, you must get the Hepatitis B vaccine. It consists of 3 to 4 shots spread over 6 months. In the United States, people are required to get vaccinated for Hepatitis B before they start attending college.
Also, it helps if you change your lifestyle. If you belong to any of the high-risk groups mentioned above, it will extremely make a huge improvement if you alter your ways especially when it comes to sex.
Hepatitis B testing
The common way to test for Hepatitis B is through blood tests. You can go to a health center or a clinic to get tested for Hepatitis B. It is important that you do this as soon as you can before your condition reaches the next stage and becomes more difficult to treat.