Achieving and sustaining good health happens to be the greatest treasure anyone can seek, and this explains why so much has been invested in the search and discovery of treatments for many forms of diseases.
It is further expected, in that vein, that more treatments to conditions that cannot be currently eradicated would surface eventually. In the meantime, though, those that cannot be cured but can be managed, like Hepatitis B, should be done with zeal.
The Hepatitis B disease is caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV) which is a serious liver infection that could be acute or chronic in nature, depending on the stage it finds itself.
When one is infected with the Hepatitis B disease for more than 6 months, it can be said to have progressed to its chronic stage with the tendency to develop cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer, as the case may be.
What puts one at the risk of contracting Hepatitis B Disease?
Many often get infected and wonder how they ever got the disease since they were never aware in the first place. The following ways can, therefore, be a medium through which the Hepatitis B disease is contracted:
- Having unprotected sexual intercourse with a person who is infected with the Hepatitis B disease.
- Living with a person who has progressed to the chronic stage of Hepatitis B disease.
- Being a child to a woman who was infected with Hepatitis B disease during pregnancy and at birth.
- Being a medical personnel or health worker that is exposed to blood without preventive or protective measures.
- Sharing needles and sharp objects with persons whose Hepatitis B statuses are unknown.
- Going to places where the report of Hepatitis B diseases is high. Such places have been reported to be the Pacific Islands, Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia.
The possible symptoms of Hepatitis B Disease
As highlighted above, the symptoms may be severe or mild for some folks and some people may not even experience any at all. For a person that would notice symptoms, it may come within two weeks after exposure to the disease. The symptoms are:
- Pain in the joint
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in the abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Dark urine
- Fatigue and weakness
- White eyes and yellowing of the skin, among others
The implication of not taking a step after symptoms appear
When the above symptoms have been noticed, it is advisable to see a medical doctor immediately so as to start getting medications. In the circumstance where a person fails to do so, the following may arise:
- Development of liver cancer that would be debilitating
- Failure of the liver which can be acute and lead to the shutting down of its vital functions
- Scarring of the liver which is often referred to as cirrhosis. This may lead to the liver’s inability to function and then put the patient’s life at risk
- Kidney diseases may also be developed alongside the inflammation of blood vessels in the body
The recommended preventive measures against Hepatitis B Disease
One can live without having Hepatitis B disease in a lifetime given that the prescribed preventive measure is to be vaccinated. This vaccine is administered every 6 months and comprises of about 3 to 4 injections. The vaccine is recommended for:
- Children who were not vaccinated with the Hepatitis B Vaccine during birth
- People who are infected with any form of (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) STDs
- People who are living with any form of liver disease even if it was not occasioned by the Hepatitis B Virus
- Persons who are planning to visit areas where the disease is prevalent
- Newborn babies
- Those who work at centers where Hepatitis B patients are being treated
Engaging in any of these would save almost anyone from the scourge of this disease. In the circumstance where one is infected, adequate medical measures can be taken to ensure the good health is returned to normality.
Quick facts about the Hepatitis B disease
- About 2 billion people in the world today have experienced the Hepatitis B disease while 2.2 million people in America are affected by the condition. Among these 2.2 million persons, some experience no symptoms and are not aware of being infected which makes them pass it to uninfected persons ignorantly.
- The effects of injury to the liver when the Hepatitis B disease becomes chronic come about as a result of failed efforts by the immune system to eliminate the disease.
- Liver transplantation can be advised and done for persons who suffer from Hepatitis B disease at the acute or chronic stage.
- The Hepatitis B disease can be transmitted sexually, contacts with blood that is contaminated, and from a mother to child. It is important to note that activities like sharing from the same plate of food and casual contacts do not transmit the Hepatitis B disease.
All in all, it is better to practice and sustain preventive modes so as to never go through the hurdles of treatment for Hepatitis B disease.