Various health changes in the body come with a great deal of discomfort given that the human system is built to work in a particular way which once changed, all sorts of problems set in. Once this natural course of body system is altered, immediate changes and inconveniences arise automatically which would necessitate medical remedies to return the body to its normal state.
For instance, inflammation of the inner rectum could become a consequence when a person is infected with proctitis alongside its many symptoms that vary from person to person. The anus consequently becomes open and the lining of the rectum also becomes inflamed with a great deal of discomfort as the infection progresses.
What can manifest as a result of Proctitis?
Various body changes could be occasioned when a person has proctitis, and when not rectified on time, can cause severe damage. These changes include:
- Discharge from the anus which may be accompanied with bleeding
- That common uncomfortable feeling when a person does not completely empty his or her bowel of feces
- The feeling of pain in the process of having a bowel movement
- Soreness in the rectal and anal parts of the fellow
All these factors could come to play for a very short period of time, or even months, in some persons depending on their body metabolism.
What causes Proctitis?
Proctitis can be caused by various factors, but chief among them happens to come from sexual activities. Diseases which are transmitted sexually like syphilis, gonorrhea, herpes, chlamydia, etc., belong to the class of the most common mediums for proctitis to occur.
It is important to also state at this point that proctitis is common among men who are homosexuals as a result of anal sexual intercourse which they engage in with one or more partners.
Other factors other than sexual activities could also occasion proctitis which includes:
- Infections that are not sexually transmitted
- The use of chemicals that may be physically harmful
- Being infected with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis
- Radiation, which may be as a result of treatment options for some illnesses like rectal, anal, ovarian, or prostate cancer
- The use of antibiotics for certain treatments
The common symptoms of Proctitis
Of all the known symptoms of Proctitis, Tenesmus is the most common. This is the frequent or consistent urge to engage in a bowel movement. Tenesmus is, therefore, brought about as a result of the irritation and inflammation of the rectal lining and rectum. Some of the other symptoms include:
- Bleeding from the rectum of the affected person
- Diarrhea, which could be watery
- Extraction of loose stools which may become frequent
- Discharge of mucus from the rectum
- Painful sensation in the anus, rectum, and abdominal region
Since proctitis could also be as a result of sexual activities, some of the symptoms which may occur include:
- Syphilis. Often referred to as syphilitic proctitis in this circumstance. It occurs just like every other infectious proctitis and if left unmanaged could progress from its primary to the secondary, and then third stage, which is chronic in nature.
- Gonorrhea. In this circumstance, it is also often referred to as gonococcal proctitis which is mostly a result of anal sexual intercourse. This could also be accompanied by soreness, discharge, or diarrhea, as the case may be.
- Chlamydia. Chlamydia in this situation as a symptom of proctitis is referred to as chlamydial proctitis. Pain may, therefore, be occasioned during bowel movement and the discharge may be bloody or accompanied with pus.
It is important to note at this stage that when proctitis is caused by a virus, some other types of symptoms may be experienced. They include:
- Anal Warts
- Herpes Simplex type 2
- Anorectal Trauma
- Radiation proctitis
The diagnosis of Proctitis
When one has noticed the symptoms, as shown above, it is important to visit the doctor so as to be sure of what is wrong instead of speculating and resulting to self-help. A doctor may, upon receiving the reports, go through the patient’s medical history alongside investigating his/her sexual practices to understand if the condition may be as a result of risky sexual behaviors.
In addition to these, the doctor may take the patient through a very common procedure known as Proctosigmoidoscopy where a lighted tube accompanied with a camera would go through the anus in order to have a view of the rectum.
Another form of diagnosis may be to take a biopsy of the patient’s rectum in order to be tested for an infection where a blood test would come in handy.
The treatment and management of Proctitis
Since many factors may cause proctitis, a diagnosis becomes necessary so as to know the method of treatment that can be suitable for a cure. In most circumstances, the doctor would prescribe antibiotics which would help kill the organism and cure any possible sexually transmitted infection that the patient may be faced with.
Proctitis comes with a very severe uncomfortable feeling which can be effectively managed following the contents of this article as well as a simple change in activities that puts one at the risk of experiencing it.