Sexually transmitted diseases are part of the world’s health challenges and Trichomoniasis remains one of the most recurring mostly among females and cut across all races. According to statistics gathered by the Centers for Disease and Prevention Control, about 3.7 million people in America are infected with Trichomoniasis at any time in particular. Luckily, this can be eventually treated.
Trichomoniasis is brought about by a Protozoan (which is a microscopic parasite that can be found in the urethra tissues or vagina of an infected woman). Many hold on to the erroneous opinion that Trichomoniasis is a disease that is only associated with females; that is not entirely true. Males could also be infected with it during sexual intercourse.
Trichomoniasis could be very confusing because of its incredible ability to live in the body without a show of symptom to notify the infected person. This, therefore, becomes worse as the condition deteriorates due to the lack of medical attention.
Did you know these about Trichomoniasis?
- Trichomoniasis is not visible to a person’s naked eye as the average size of a trichomonad is about 15mm.
- The Trichomoniasis parasite in the body of an infected person reproduces in every 8 to 12 hours.
- About 174 million people in the world are infected with the disease yearly which makes it a very common sexually transmitted disease.
- About 30 percent of infected persons would experience symptoms of the disease when they are infected.
- Women tend to be more infected with the disease than men.
The possible signs and symptoms of Trichomoniasis in women
As said above, over 70 percent of infected women would not experience symptoms when they are infected and for those who would experience any, it would range from severe to chronic ones.
The symptoms often appear from 5 to 28 days after exposure to the infection as it continues to spread. These are some of the symptoms that an infected woman may experience:
- Itching of the vagina
- Greenish or yellowish discharge from the genitals
- Tingling pain during urination which comes with a sharp pain
- Spotting or bleeding from the vagina
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Consistent urge to urinate
- Vaginal discharge that can be itchy, foamy, and smelly
The possible symptoms and signs of Trichomoniasis in Men
Men, on the other hand, have a peculiar way of experiencing the symptoms of Trichomoniasis. They include:
- Painful sensation in the penis during urination
- Swelling in the scrotum with a great deal of pain which could be one-sided at a stage and progress to the other side if there is no medical care
- Consistent discharge from the urethra
- Burning sensation after ejaculation
- Consistent urge to urinate
What class of persons are at the risk of being infected with Trichomoniasis?
Not everyone would have Trichomoniasis in their lifetime but certain habits would put one at the risk of being infected with the disease. According to the American Sexual Health Association and the Centers for Disease and Prevention Control (CDC), about 1 million cases of Trichomoniasis are reported yearly with the occurrence more common in older women than the younger ones. Those who are at the risk of being infected with the disease are:
- Persons who keep multiple sexual partners at a time
- Persons who have had a long history with different types of STDs
- People who engage in sexual intercourse without a condom or other preventive measures
- People who have been previously infected with Trichomoniasis
The diagnosis of Trichomoniasis
It is advisable to see a doctor immediately and avoid mere speculations when one has noticed any of the symptoms above. The diagnosis of the diseases basically involves the use of a microscope since the parasites are too small to be seen.
In some cases, the doctor may order for a lab test to be done with a result that would come almost immediately. In other circumstances, a specimen may be collected from the woman with the use of a speculum inside the vagina which is then taken to the microscope for observation. When one subjects him or herself to such diagnosis, other forms of STDs may be diagnosed which makes it better so as to effectively eradicate all infections in the circumstance.
How to Prevent Trichomoniasis
Since Trichomoniasis can be transmitted sexually, abstinence would be the best form of prevention; but for those who cannot abstain, other lifestyle changes could come in handy. They include:
- The use of latex condoms during sexual intercourse with someone whose status is unknown
- Adequate washing of hands and cleaning after sexual intercourse
- Immediate shower after the use of a public pool
- Regular tests and diagnosis for Trichomoniasis
Trichomoniasis can be effectively managed after diagnosis with the use of certain prescribed antibiotics like Metronidazole and Tinidazole. It is advisable for one not to consume alcohol after the use of these antibiotics so as to prevent nausea and allow the medications to work effectively.
When one is cured of this disease, it is also advised that one should ensure the treatment of his or her sexual partner and avoid sexual contacts for at least one week in order to return the body to its status quo.