Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease (STD), has various symptoms in men and women. Luckily, symptoms of chlamydia in men are present in almost 50 percent of the cases, as opposed to 25 percent in women. The remaining 50 percent cases of chlamydia in men require special attention as it is most likely that such cases may go unnoticed and cause complications in later stages.
Before the details of chlamydia symptoms are presented, here’s the data that tells why it is a problem. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported 1.5 million cases of chlamydia in the year 2015. This is by far the highest number of reported cases of chlamydia. Since then, the disease is on the rise.
Symptoms of chlamydia in men
1. Chlamydia discharge
Infection from chlamydia results in cloudy discharge from penis’s tip. It could be thick, or watery, milky or yellowish. This discharge is often not a continuous problem for the infected individuals. It is possible to have chlamydia discharge from penis for 1 day and then the person is symptom-free. The absence of chlamydia discharge poses a difficulty for men in detecting the infection.
2. Burning sensation
A painful or burning sensation during urination is another common symptom of chlamydia in men. This is often one of the earliest signs of chlamydia. If you have had unprotected sex and then experience burning on urination, it is possible that you might be suffering from chlamydia. Getting a test is recommended. If you do not want to visit the hospital or clinic, home test kits can be an alternative.
3. Painful ejaculation
Not only STDs cause trouble regarding handling an infection, but they also present an issue when men go through the ejaculation phase. It turns out that there is painful ejaculation in men with chlamydia. So, you have another reason to get the infection treated as soon as possible.
4. Testicular Pain
Pain, swelling, tenderness, and inflammation of testicles, mostly on one side of the testis, is often seen in the cases of chlamydia in men.
5. Rectum related issues
Almost 50 percent of the men experience rectal pain as a result of chlamydia. A chlamydia discharge from the rectum is also seen along with bleeding in the case of anal sex. Men are more likely to have rectum related issues if the source of infection was anal sex.
6. Sore throat
As common sense indicates, symptoms of chlamydia appear in the throat from oral sex. Not only should the oral sex be prevented during infection, but also the signs of inflamed throat be given attention in the case of earlier unprotected sex. A sore throat is likely to be confused with simple pharyngitis; however, if chlamydia discharge from penis and rectum, along with painful urination is present, then this sore throat might be an indication of chlamydia.
Rare signs and symptoms of chlamydia in men:
1. Inflammation of eyes
Symptoms of chlamydia in men and women are not just limited to genitals. Any contact of semen or vaginal fluid with the eyes can result in a spread of infection causing red, painful eyes and discharge. These are the signs of conjunctivitis.
If chlamydia is left untreated, it can progress to another infection known as epididymitis; it is the inflammation of the tube which carries sperms from testes. Long term inflammation can cause scarring and blockage of this tube. Rarely, this can result in infertility in men. Symptoms of epididymitis are as follows:
- Pain in testicles
- Swelling of scrotum
- Lymphadenopathy (enlargement of lymph nodes)
- Pelvic pain
3. Reactive arthritis
This is basically a complication of chlamydia in men. It happens when the condition is left untreated for a longer period or sometimes signs also appear weeks after the treatment is initiated. Reactive arthritis can result in red and inflamed joints.
Complications of chlamydia in men
While chlamydia can cause infertility and ectopic pregnancy in women, men often take this infection lightly. Other than the symptoms of chlamydia in men, there is also a complication that can occur i.e. infertility. Chlamydial infection affects the production of sperms. Infected individuals have sperms that carry physical abnormalities 80 times more than uninfected men, whereas the mobility of such sperms is 10 percent less than those produced by non-infected men.
It is often termed as the silent infection because signs and symptoms of chlamydia are often not present. As it is said that prevention is better than cure, it is important to practice prevention when it comes to the issues of intimacy.
If any man has known chlamydia infection, he must inform his partner and practice protected sex. However, if symptoms of chlamydia in a man are not apparent, he wouldn’t be aware of the disease. Therefore, protected sex is the best way to prevent the spread of infection. Other than this, any time you have had unprotected sex with your partner, it is important to get tested for chlamydia infection. If visiting a physician is an issue for you, chlamydia home test kits come in handy.
What Are The Chlamydia Treatments for Men?
Unlike other sexually transmitted diseases, chlamydia is very easy to treat. The infection could be cleared in 3-4 days or a maximum of seven days. If men take proper dosage of antibiotics for 3-4 days, the disease will just disappear. As the doctor always prescribe a dosage for seven days so it is always better to complete the seven days for the best results.
What medicines are prescribed for Chlamydia infection?
Two of the utmost common antibiotics used to treat chlamydia are Azithromycin and doxycycline. As the infections get clear in just days which shows how aggressive and active the antibiotics are. Not everyone has the capabilities of taking the following medicines due to some allergies and reasons, but there are more antibiotics for it too. Don’t ever take the pills automatically by seeing the symptoms because most of the sexually transmitted diseases have same symptoms so these drugs could even make it worse.
Side effects of Azithromycin and doxycycline
If a particular medicine actually does not suit you, then you may ask your doctor to prescribe an alternative. The most common side effects of the two most important antibiotics are; not being able to breathe properly. Your lips and tongue and face might swell. You may also feel feeble and would suffer from some seriously painful cramps. You may consult the doctor again if you can’t handle these and if your legs and hands also swell.
Things that you should do during treatment
When some other antibiotics are prescribed to men like levofloxacin, ofloxacin, and doxycycline, they might stay indoors and not go into the sunlight. They must use sunscreen because it will help the skin not to get burned. During the treatment, they must not indulge in any sexual activities. Men should not be engaged in any sexual activities, even oral or anal.
After the treatment of Chlamydia
After your treatment is finished, you may get tested again just to make sure if you are free from chlamydia. Always keep the prescription and the list of the medicines with you and never forget about the result of the tests. Everyone is advised to get tested for Chlamydia routinely so as to detect the infection right away. Use a rapid Chlamydia test kit with STD Rapid Test Kits for safe, fast, accurate, and convenient Chlamydia testing.