Sexually Transmitted Disease or sexually transmitted infection happens in both men and women. In women, the most common way of passing sexually transmitted infection is through sexual intercourses, vaginal, oral and anal. For women, the most common symptom of sexually transmitted infections are itching of the private parts, rashes, having discharges and feeling pain on the genitals. When Sexually Transmitted Diseases are left untreated, it can develop into more serious health problems that can even lead to infertility. Women with Sexually Transmitted Disease are also at risk of developing cervical cancer due to exposure to Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
How to prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases in women
There are three main ways for women to prevent having sexually transmitted infections:
Get tested. This is a very popular way of preventing the spread of sexually transmitted infection as well as for getting early treatment. Women who are sexually active or those who engage with multiple partners must be aware of the risk they are facing as well. If you are such, make sure to talk to your doctor and get tested on a regular basis. Pap smear is one of the best ways for women to prevent HPC infection and this should be done every year. If you notice anything unusual such as rashes or itchiness in your private parts, get tested for any Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
Do not have unprotected sex unless you are only doing it with one man. If you have a very active sexual life, then don’t do it without your partner wearing a condom. This is your only protection from any possible danger of getting a sexually transmitted infection. The fact is, a condom cannot fully protect you but it lessens the chance of you getting infected. It means that condoms can give a certain level of protection but it is not absolute – you still have to make sure that you are doing it with someone clean.
Ask your partner. Talking to your sexual partner about their current health condition is healthier than assuming that he is clean and healthy. Talk to your partner before engaging. Also, have open communication with your doctor about what you are doing especially once symptoms started to appear.
Things to watch out for
Prevention is always better than cure, however, if you are already infected, early detection means a higher chance of being cured. Women at risk of getting a sexually transmitted infection must be aware of these symptoms in order to seek early medical attention.
- Urination pattern changes and feeling pained when urinating
- Unlikely discharges from your private genitals
- Itchiness in the private genitals that are unexplained
- Feeling pained when having sexual intercourse
- Unexplained bleeding during sexual intercourse
- Having unexplained rashes or sores in the genital parts
These symptoms often disappear in a day or week but beware, such symptoms can be an indication that something serious is developing. Seek medical attention immediately to prevent further damage to your health and reproductive system.