The Human Immunodeficiency Virus is one of the most feared and dreaded diseases nowadays. It can infect anyone, no matter what their gender, age, height, or weight is. It is known as a pandemic disease because it can spread around very fast.
Types of HIV
There are two kinds of HIV and they are the HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is the one that is transmitted very easily and can cause worldwide infection.
Stages of HIV
Once HIV infects a person, he or she will experience four stages of the disease.
The first stage is also known as the incubation period, where no visible signs or symptoms are seen on the patient. This can last for a couple of days to some weeks.
The next stage is when the patient will finally begin manifesting noticeable symptoms such as fever, rashes, mouth sores, muscle pains, inflammation of the lymph nodes, and sore throat.
The third stage is also called the latency period and it is when the body's immune system starts producing antibodies to fight off the virus. This can last for many years, so the patient should immediately get antiretroviral treatment so as to cut it down to just a number of weeks.
The fourth and final stage is AIDS. This kicks in if the patient fails to get an HIV test and receive treatment.
With all the harm and damage HIV can bring about, it is a must that people realize how important HIV testing is.