Many people nowadays are already aware of the threat that HIV is posing. By simply having sexual intercourse, one could easily contract the virus and have the disease with the flick of an eye. Many different methods are being employed to prevent the spreading of the virus but no other prevention method is as effective as education. By simply learning about HIV, it's different stages, how it's contracted and it's two variants, a person may take steps to avoiding HIV and in effect, will help reduce the number of people who are infected with HIV. HIV, as it stands today, has two variants. HIV-1 and HIV-2. Both are very similar when it comes to symptoms but are different when it comes to treatment and progression.
HIV-1 is the more common form of HIV and is the well-known HIV virus that is spreading throughout America. If you or a person has HIV, chances are that it's HIV-1. HIV-1 is the more widespread variant of HIV and affects almost 90% of all people who have HIV.
HIV-2 is the other variant of HIV and not too much is known about it. HIV was discovered in the mid-1980's and has since then not been too prevalent in more affluent countries such as the United States. HIV-2 is more prevalent in regions like South Africa and The Caribbean. Since HIV-2 is much less common than HIV-1, not much is known about the virus and how to cure it.
The Differences Between HIV-1 And HIV-2
HIV-1 and HIV-2 are very similar when it comes to symptoms. HIV-1 however, is much faster when it comes to the progression of the virus. HIV-2 takes a longer time to progress from stage to stage in a person's body. The symptoms of HIV-1 are also more pronounced. The symptoms of HIV-2 are quite similar but are much more subtle and slower. HIV-2 also takes a long time to recognize in an HIV test. Overall, HIV-1 is more potent than HIV-2 and the effects of HIV-2 are less pronounced than the effects of HIV-1. Unfortunately, since HIV-1 is very much more common and happens more often, not much has been uncovered about the mysterious HIV-2 virus and the cures and treatments for HIV-2 are still unknown today. Interestingly, the number of HIV-2 cases are declining whereas the number of HIV-1 cases is actually rising. This makes it even more difficult to find a cure for someone who has contracted HIV-2. Generally, when faced with a rare case of HIV-2, a physician who is experienced with HIV will generally use the same methods and treatments used for treating HIV-1. The effects are still unclear and it is still not known if any of the methods that work on HIV-1 will actually work on HIV-2. It is known for a fact, however, that HIV-2 is more common in regions where medical healthcare is hard to reach. If you happen to live in these regions, make sure to avoid sexual contact with a person that you suspect may have HIV.