Diseases that are transmitted sexually come with a great deal of discomfort since the normal course of nature becomes altered, given the circumstance. Genital warts form part of the common sexually transmitted diseases which appear as soft growths around the genitals of the infected person.
Genital warts are occasioned by some types of HPV (Human Papillomaviruses) strains which are usually followed by many symptoms that include itching, pain, and general body discomfort, among others that would be considered below.
Scary facts about Genital Warts
- Genital warts are caused by Human Papillomaviruses which infect the urogenital tract and consequently occasions precancerous changes in the infected person’s cervix.
- Genital warts happen to be one of the most common STDs in America, and in some, could lead to cancer while for others, it just disappears.
- Genital warts often come with terrible discomforts that include burning and itching of the affected parts of the body.
- Genital warts are contagious and could be spread via sexual contacts.
The visible symptoms that accompany Genital Warts
One may become infected with Genital Warts via oral, anal, or vaginal sexual contacts and its symptoms typically start after a while. In some, weeks and months may pass before even experiencing any symptoms while others may start seeing such in just a few days.
Its symptoms on the skin may not be so visible except through close examination of the persons as a result of different body metabolism in humans. Some of the visible symptoms are:
- Certain corrugated appearances on the body of the infected person
- Some raised bumps or lumps on the skin of the patient
- Itching on the parts of the body where the warts are found
- Tenderness on the affected parts of the body
- Warts on the vulva, cervix, vagina (in women), scrotum, thighs, and groin (in males)
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Urinary obstruction in circumstances where warts have been involved in urethral opening
- The appearance of warts on the penis and inside the anus in infected males
- A burning sensation in the vagina
What brings about Genital Warts?
Genital Warts are basically caused by HPV (which is as diverse as 30 to 40 strains) of which few affects the genitals of the infected person. Such an infected person can transmit the disease via skin-to-skin contacts and other forms.
According to the Centers for Disease and Control, those who are sexually active are susceptible to having Genital Warts especially when such sexual activities are unprotected. Be that as it may, the good thing about Genital Warts is that it can go away on its own without treatment without causing any serious health complications.
The risk factors that can make one infected with Genital Warts
Various circumstances and factors may increase the tendency of getting infected with Genital Warts (apart from those who are sexually active). For example:
- Being under the age of 30
- Living with a much weakened immune system that is susceptible to infections
- Being regularly exposed to smoke
- Being exposed to some form of child abuse at a tender age
- Being a child of a mother who was infected with Genital Warts during pregnancy and birth
The prevention of Genital Warts
Happily, vaccines exist for the protection against Genital Warts. One could simply get such shots to shield against the infection. These are often referred to as Gardasil and Gardasil 9 which have favorable reports about their effectiveness and potency.
The vaccine could be administered as early as age 9 so as to shield against this disease long before the person becomes sexually active. The use of protective measures (latex condoms or a dental dam) during sexual intercourse is also a fine way to protect against the infection of Genital Warts and save one’s self from all the troubles.
The diagnosis and treatment of Genital warts
Mere speculations cannot diagnose or certify that a person is infected with Genital Warts because it must be properly diagnosed just like every other disease. When one has noticed the symptoms of Genital Warts, the fellow is expected to visit a doctor who would ask about the health and sexual history of the patient.
This would help the doctor to know the possible angles from which to manage the situation. There would also be a physical examination of parts of the body where Genital Warts may sprout from.
For women, a pelvic examination may become necessary and this may involve doing a swab of the genitals in order to test the cells that are found there. After this simple exercise, the doctor would determine whether the patient is infected or not via the test results.
As much as people continue to understand this disease, it is important to cultivate the practice of safe sexual behaviors in order to live an HPV-free life and avoid being the medium through which others would get infected.