Sexually transmitted diseases are acquired generally by sexual contact, which happens to be the most prominent means. STDs can also pass from person to person through vaginal mucus, blood, semen, and other fluids of the body. Worthy of note also is the fact that STDs can be transmitted non-sexually through a mother to an infant during pregnancy or childbirth. Another means is through sharing of needles, as well as transfusion of blood.
So many myths about STDs are flying about in the blogosphere, social media, and even in schools. Described below are some very important facts about the disease for a better understanding. These are compiled from confirmed cases from around the world.
Transmission of STDs can happen through oral sex. There is a general belief that when a person engages in oral sex, STDs cannot be contracted because it is a safe mode of practice. The fact remains that having unprotected oral sex puts a person at a very high risk of being infected with STDs like syphilis, herpes, hepatitis B, and gonorrhea. It is advised that a condom should be used when having oral sex, especially with a new partner. The use of female condoms can also reduce drastically the risk of STDs, so it ought to be promoted.
Women are more susceptible to STDs than men. This is as a result of the difference in the anatomy of the body and not as a result of promiscuity. It is, therefore, easier for the disease to be transmitted from men to women and women even detect it less quickly than men do.
Not all STDs are curable. Bacterial STDs like gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis may be cured but viral STDs such as hepatitis B, HIV, herpes, genital warts, and HIV are not curable. It is, however, important to understand that they can be effectively managed if proper medical directions by the doctors are diligently followed. One is advised to notify any partner he or she has about their STD status before sexual contact with them because honesty would save a whole lot of troubles.
STDs can lead to severe health problems if left untreated. Generally, women suffer more severe health complications from STDs than men do and by the time they decide to see a doctor, these symptoms would have manifested into complications that have jeopardized the body and general health. Some of these complications include cervical cancer, infertility and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Another remarkable complication is that some of these STDs can be passed from a mother to the child before, during, and after birth which may put the child at further risk of health also.
Condoms cannot guarantee 100% safety against STDs. Usage of condoms is an effective way to protect one from STDs but it cannot ensure a perfect shield against STDs. On the other hand, abstinence has been proven to be the best and most effective way to, therefore, prevent the contraction of STDs.
STDs can affect fertility. An untreated STD can be very detrimental to the health of a woman and in some circumstances, lead to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which is an infection that scars the fallopian tubes.
Over 25 different types of STDs can be sexually transmitted. The list of existing STDs in the world today is unending and it increases so rapidly. This is as a result of new forms of sexual practices like oral and anal sex which puts other parts of the body at risk.
The rate of sexually transmitted disease increases yearly. According to reports by the CDC on 4th January 2008, the CDC fact sheet produced the results that there are approximately 333 million new cases of STDs captured in their records each year.
Chlamydia happens to be the most reported STD in the United States of America. According to the CDC, Chlamydia is estimated at 2.8 million cases being contracted yearly and most even go undiagnosed. This infection affects the cervix thereby making adolescent girls susceptible since they experience changes during puberty.
Genital HIV is acquired by about 50% of sexually active women in their lifetime. It is worthy of note to bear in mind that out of 100 strains of HPV, 30, or thereabouts, are transmitted sexually and about 10 of them are at a high risk and may lead to cervical cancer. The immune system may eliminate the less aggressive forms of HPV which the reason why most women never know they are infected. Protection is therefore always needed to stay healthy and very far away from STDs.
Nothing takes the fun and romance out of sexual intercourse more than STD, and for this reason, one needs protection which starts with having a test to even know whether one is positive or not. Whether the STD is HIV, Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes, hepatitis B, and the likes, it can never be categorized as a pleasant experience which anyone would wish for.